Organ Harvesting Overview

Falun Dafa Information Center

(Clearwisdom.net) It is our belief that when the truth about the persecution of Falun Gong in China has been fully revealed, the persecution will come to an end, since the world will simply not be able to tolerate it. That China’s communist leaders have gone to such great lengths to hide and cover up their actions since 1999 indicates that they believe this, also.

To this end, the following is one in a special series of articles designed to more comprehensively expose and chronicle the persecution of Falun Gong in China in all of its many facets. We invite our readers to check back with us on a daily basis this month for more articles which document the crimes against humanity committed by the Chinese Communist Party over the past eleven years of persecuting Falun Gong.

Previous articles in this series:
“Overview of the Persecution” (http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/1/118272.html)
“Persecution FAQ” (http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/2/118294.html)
“Persecution: Timeline”(http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/3/118302.html)
“Persecution: Origins (http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/4/118331.html)
“Persecution: Killings”: http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/5/118357.html
“Persecution: Key Individuals”: (http://www.clearwisdom.net/html/articles/2010/7/5/118351.html)

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Since the Chinese Communist Party banned Falun Gong in China in 1999, the Chinese authorities have utilized a wide variety of mechanisms in their efforts to force adherents to renounce their faith and ultimately wipe out the spiritual group. These strategies have ranged from extreme use of torture and sexual abuse, to the intimidation and harassment of adherents’ family members, to the establishment of a nationwide extralegal task force to implement the eradication policy.

Mounting evidence tells a terrible tale of murder and mutilation in China. Witnesses and Chinese physicians reveal that thousands of persons affiliated with the Falun Gong are being killed for their organs, which are sold and transplanted at enormous profit.

The kidneys, livers, and hearts are often sold on demand to overseas patients, who can afford them. That is, the prisoners of conscience are tissue typed and then killed once a matching recipient is found for their organs.

The perpetrators are officials of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), acting in cahoots with surgeons, prison authorities, and military officials.

Victims are held in concentrations camps prior to dissection, after which the bodies’ remains are immediately cremated.

The story, almost too dreadful to believe, was first revealed in March 2006, when a woman claimed that as many as 4,000 Falun Gong had been killed for their organs at the hospital in which she had worked. She also said that her husband, a surgeon at the same hospital outside the northeastern city of Shenyang, had disclosed to her that he had removed cornea from the living bodies of 2,000 Falun Gong adherents (articlevideo).

One week later, a Chinese military doctor not only corroborated the woman’s account but claimed such atrocities were taking place in 36 different concentration camps throughout the country. The largest, he said, held 120,000 persons. He said he had also witnessed the Falun Gong being massively transported across the country in cattle trains, at night and under the cover of tight security (article).

Falun Gong supporters and human rights activists overseas immediately began investigating the allegations. They placed calls to Chinese hospitals pretending to be shopping for a kidney or a liver. To their horror, one doctor after another openly confirmed: We’ve got Falun Gong in stock; just come in and we can get you the organ within a week.

Shocked by these reports, two prominent Canadian human rights lawyers launched their own investigation. Then in July 2006, former Secretary of State for Asia Pacific David Kilgour and Nazi hunter David Matas, published their own 140-page report. It drew “the regrettable conclusion that the allegations are true” (article).

CCP officials are reportedly hastening to destroy all evidence. They have provided monitored tours and removed websites that advertised organs for sale (though not in time, as investigators had already managed to save images of these web pages). One Chinese website had boasted that it can provide matching organs in 1-4 weeks, which medical experts say is impossible unless the Chinese hospitals have access to a huge stock of living organ “donors.”

Shortly after reports of organ harvesting emerged, Party leaders announced new legislation banning use of organs without consent. Over a year later, this law does not appear to have been implemented at all, supporting those who claimed all along that the legislation was nothing more than a public relations stunt.

Throughout the 1990’s, human rights organizations and international media reported the widespread use of executed prisoners’ organs for organ transplants in China. In 2001, a Chinese doctor testified before Congress, saying he had removed corneas and skin from more than 100 executed prisoners, including ones who were still alive (link to Organs05 – Wang Guoqi, “The preparation for Sujiatun”: http://en.epochtimes.com/news/6-3-30/39868.html article). The Communist Party has now begun employing “execution vans,” which allow for both discrete executions on the go and delivery of fresh organs to hospitals (article).

Along with Kilgour and Matas, the Committee to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (CIPFG:http://www.cipfg.org/) has taken the lead in uncovering and exposing the organ atrocities. CIPFG and prominent individuals, such as Jewish religious leaders and former Olympians are currently holding a Human Rights Torch Relay. Their message is: “Crimes against humanity and Olympics cannot coexist in China.”

Original article posted at: http://faluninfo.net/print/230/

 

Falun Gong Practitioners Systematically Murdered for Their Organs: Refuting the Chinese Regime’s “Death Row” Explanation, Appendices

1. Technical difficulties in organ transplants

Organ transplantation is a form of live transplantation. Three technical difficulties need be solved.

The first difficulty lies in the immediate vascular connection as soon as an organ is transplanted into the recipient’s body. This restoration of blood circulation is critical to supplying nutrition so that cells can stay alive. This requires a different set of surgery techniques from the stitching of regular tissues. This technique for vascular anastomosis was not developed until 1903 by Alexis Carrel, a French surgeon, biologist and eugenicist, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912.

The second difficulty is to keep the harvested organ alive after it becomes isolated. Under normal temperatures, an organ dies between a few minutes and an hour, which will prevent it from being transplanted into the recipient’s body. However, to complete the transplantation within such a time constraint is impossible. Innovative techniques are needed to keep organs alive. The solution is to lower the temperature during a process called perfusion. The lower temperature reduces the nutrition level needed by the cells, which extends the survival time of an isolated organ. Perfusion achieves nutritive delivery of blood. It was not until 1967 and 1969 that F.O. Beizer and G.M. Collins independently developed practical perfusion solutions, which could keep an isolated organ alive for 24 hours. This has gained enough time for organ transplant surgery operations.

The third difficulty lies in the foreign source of the organ being transplanted. Any recipient has an inborn capability and mechanism (immune mechanism) which can recognize, control, destroy and eliminate foreign tissues or organs transplanted into the body. This physiological immune process is clinically manifested as rejection reaction, which can result in damage to transplanted organs and failure of transplantation. Transplanted organs, like other cells in a human body, are composed of two major types of antigens: ABO blood type and Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA). Together, they determine the rejection reaction associated with homograft. There are only four ABO blood types (O, A, B, and AB). It is not that hard to match suppliers and recipients of the same ABO blood type. However, HLA is extremely complex. It has been discovered that there are seven groups of HLA. They are HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-D, HLA-DR, HLA-DQ, and HLA-DP, with a total of 148 antigens. The possible permutations are well over 2,000,000. Except for twins from the same egg, it is practically impossible to locate a supplier and a recipient with identical HLA matching. As a result, rejection reaction always follows a homograft. It has to be reversed with intense immune suppression. Immunosuppressant drugs that are clinically effective were not discovered until the 1960s. They include: azathioprine (1961), prednisone (1963), anti-lymphocyte globulin (1966), and Cyclophosphamide (1971). With the advent of these immunosuppressant drugs, organs could be kept alive long enough after transplantation. In 1962, J.E. Murray, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990, accomplished the extended survival of a human kidney transplant for the first time. It marked organ transplantation as being clinically feasible.

Three types of transplant rejection:

Hyperacute rejection – Hyperacute rejection usually takes place within 24 hours of the transplant. It is the outcome of a xenotransplanted organ in non-immunosuppressed recipients. Hyperacute rejection is a particular risk in kidney transplants. This is commonly addressed by a prospective cytotoxic cross match prior to kidney transplantation to ensure that antibodies to the donor are not present.

Acute rejection – Acute rejection is the most common rejection observed. It usually takes place several days to several months after the transplant. It is caused by mismatched HLA. Most acute rejection cases can be alleviated by immunosuppressant drugs.

Chronic rejection – Chronic rejection usually takes place several months to several years after the transplant. It is a poorly understood process of chronic inflammatory and immune response against the transplanted tissue.

2. Liver transplant charts from two hospitals with close ties to the Chinese military

This chart is taken from the homepage of the Orient Organ Transplant Center in Tianjin. [68] Watermark in Chinese: ‘Our accomplishments.’ Numbers indicate liver transplants. It claims to have performed the highest number of liver transplant surgeries of all hospitals around the world in 2004. [69]

Number of liver transplant cases at the No. 2 Hospital of the Second Military Medical University (also known as Shanghai Changzheng Hospital) in 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004. [70]

3. Published organ transplant statistics by Chinese experts

There are no accurate statistics for the annual number of transplants in China. Estimates provided by various experts based on data at hand differ from one another. However, all statistics have pointed to the significant growth of China’s organ transplantation market. For example, Jiankangbao [Healthnewspaper] reported that Shi Bingyi, member of the standing committee of the Chinese Society of Transplantation, which is a division of the Chinese Medical Association, and director of the Transplant Center of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), estimated that there had been a cumulative count of 90,000 transplant cases by 2005, with close to 10,000 kidney transplant cases and close to 4,000 liver transplant cases in 2005 alone. [71] Shi Bingyi said in another interview by Science Times that the number peaked in 2006, with 20,000 transplant cases in that year. [72] When Shi was a guest at Xinhuanet.com in September 2009, he said that between 8,000 and 9,000 kidney transplant surgeries were conducted in China each year, while liver transplant surgeries numbered between 3,000 to 4,000 each year. [73] Huang Jiefu, deputy minister of China’s Ministry of Public Health claimed transplants reached a peak in 2004, with close to 15,000 cases of liver and kidney transplants. [74] Another source, China’s Caijing magazine, revealed in Issue No. 18, 2009 that by the end of 2008, cumulated kidney and liver transplants had surpassed 100,000 cases. [75]

The above is an article published by the website of Jiankangbao [Health newspaper]. It is an interview with Shi Bingyi, director of the Transplant Center of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), who estimated that there had been a cumulative count of 90,000 transplant cases by 2005. This article has since been deleted from the website. The screen capture was taken from an archive at http://web.archive.org/web/20060826070646/http: //www.transplantation.org.cn/html/2006-03/394.html.

4. Organ transplants in underground hospitals

Many underground hospitals sprouted up, driven by the high profit margin. This crowded the organ transplant marketplace.

Life Week magazine published a report in its April 2006 issue named “The difficulty of organ transplant regulation.” Zhu Youhua, president of the Transplantation Research Institute of the PLA and director of the Organ Transplant Center at Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, told Life Weekreporters, “181 kidney transplants and 171 liver transplants were performed in 2005. We also took between 20 and 30 patients who suffered transplant failure from underground hospitals…” The article also quoted Shen Zhongyang, of the Orient Organ Transplant Center, that between 10% and 20% the total number of cases at the transplant center were people who previously had transplant surgeries performed by non-standard measures in underground hospitals. [76]

Therefore, we need to point out the existence of underground organ transplant hospitals. Transplants conducted at these hospitals are likely not included in the statistics by Huang Jiefu, deputy minister of the Ministry of Public Health, and others. As a result, the number of actual transplants that took place between 2003 and 2006 could very well surpass the estimates we have discussed in previous chapters.

5. Organ transplant statistics provided by Huang Jiefu and Shi Bingyi

Huang Jiefu, deputy minister of China’s Health Ministry, and others published the article “Government Policy and Organ Transplantation in China” in The Lancet. [77] It contains the following chart:

 

If we transpose liver transplant cases on top of kidney transplant cases, we get the following chart, with the red line indicating the trend of changes. Note: Huang Jiefu’s data between 2003 and 2006 is based on incomplete statistics. Estimates from other experts are much higher.

In fact, Huang Jiefu’s data is on the conservative side among statistics we have gathered from organ transplant experts in China. Shi Bingyi, director of the Organ Transplant Center of the PLA, estimated that there were close to 10,000 kidney transplant cases and close to 4,000 liver transplant cases in 2005 alone. Shi Bingyi said in another interview with Science Times that the number peaked in 2006, with 20,000 transplant cases in that year. When Shi was a guest at the Xinhuanet.com in September 2009, he said that currently between 8,000 and 9,000 kidney transplant surgeries were conducted in China each year, while liver transplant surgeries were between 3,000 and 4,000 each year.

6. Organ transplants in other countries

During the same period, the volume of transplant surgeries have been relatively stable in other countries. The number of transplant surgeries increased from about 1,600 to about 2,250 in Canada between 1997 and 2007. [78] In the United States, the number increased gradually from a little over 20,000 to slightly below 28,000. [79]

 

Number of organ transplants in Canada from 1996 to 2007

Number of transplants by donor type in the U.S. (Jan. 1, 1997 – July 31, 2009)

7. Average waiting period for organs in Chinese hospitals

The following are average waiting periods for organs as taken from websites of Chinese hospitals.

 

Average waiting period of two weeks at the Orient Organ Transplant Center (Tianjin) (Original content deleted; screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20060207021805/http://www.ootc.net/)

Average waiting period of one week for liver transplants at the No. 2 Hospital of the Second Military Medical University (Shanghai Changzheng Hospital) (Original content deleted after the exposure of live organ harvesting by overseas media; screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20050210151434/www.transorgan.com/apply.asp

See the following chart for changed text on the hospital’s website.)

 

The text was changed to: “Operations will be arranged as soon as a patient checks into our hospital.” (http://www.transorgan.com/apply.asp)

Average waiting periods for liver and kidney transplants at the China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center of the No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of the China Medical University in Shenyang City, Liaoning Province (original content deleted; screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20041023183012/zoukiishoku.com/cn/jueding/index.htm)

8. Cost of organ transplants

 

Cost of transplant surgeries listed at the website of the China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center of the No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of the China Medical University in Shenyang City, Liaoning Province (original website in Japanese, Russian, English, and Chinese languages was closed after overseas exposure of live organ harvesting; screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20060422143018/en.zoukiishoku.com/list/cost.htm)

9. Guarantee of donor quality

The China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center of the No. 1 Affiliated Hospital of the China Medical University in Shenyang City, Liaoning Province published answers to most frequently asked questions on its website emphasizing live organs being used in organ transplants.

 

The Chinese text circled emphasizes that the organs are live organs. The China International Transplantation Network Assistance Center website has since been taken offline. Screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20041023193430/zoukiishoku.com/cn/wenda/index.htm.

10. Disappearance of the Chinese Society of Organ Transplantation website

After the exposure of organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners on March 9, 2006, the website of the Chinese Society of Organ Transplantation (www.cstx.org) affiliated with the China Medical Association soon disappeared. It was redirected to the website of the China Medical Association (www.cma.org.cn). As of November 2009, the cstx.org website remains offline. The Internet Archive indicates that the cstx.org website was last updated in February 2006, at which time it clearly stated that it was sponsored by the Chinese Society of Organ Transplantation and implemented by the Organ Transplantation Research Institute of Tongji Medical School of the Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

 

The website of the Chinese Society of Organ Transplantation affiliated with the Chinese Medical Association before it disappeared. Screen capture from an archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20051201024138/www.cstx.org/xhjj2.htm.

11. “Organ deal behind the death of a beggar” – South Wind Window magazine

 

Cover and headline “Organ deal behind the death of a beggar” of South Wind Window magazine, Issue No. 14, 2007.

12. “Where did the organs come from?” – Cover story from Caijing magazine revealing a case of killing for organs

 

Caijing [Finance and Economics] magazine, Issue No. 18, 2009 (published on August 31, 2009), carried a cover story “Where did the organs come from?” which revealed the case of killing of a homeless person for his organs. Original link: http://magazine.caijing.com.cn/2009/cj245/ appears to be broken. A copy of the report was also found at http://www.transplantation.org.cn/zyienizhonghe/2009-09/3906.htm.

Note: Caijing magazine has been known for its courage in exposing the dark side of Communist bureaucrats and publishing sensitive news reports. However, a human resources shakeup took place in the second half of 2009, and over 150 editors and reporters, which was almost the entire staff, resigned during this period.

References

[68] Orient Organ Transplant Center in Tianjin, chart on the center’s own webpage has been deleted, and screen capture is taken instead from an archive at http://web.archive.org/web/20060412162605/http://www.ootc.net/

[69] Orient Organ Transplant Center in Tianjin, “Center’s Accomplishments” web link, http://www.ootc.net/CenterContent.aspx?newsID=12

[70] No. 2 Hospital of the Second Military Medical University (also known as Shanghai Changzheng Hospital), chart on the hospital’s own webpage has been deleted, and screen capture is taken instead from an archive at http://web.archive.org/web/20050317130117/http://www.transorgan.com/about_g_intro.asp

[71] Jiankangbao [Health newspaper], March 2, 2006, “The bar has to be raised for organ transplantation,” an article which has been deleted from the newspaper’s website after the exposure of organ harvesting, and screen capture is taken instead from an archive at http://web.archive.org/web/20060826070646/http://www.transplantation.org.cn/html/2006-03/394.html

[72] Science Times, “Organ shortage is the bottleneck of the growth of the transplantation course,” http://www.sciencenet.cn/html/showsbnews1.aspx?id=182075

[73] Xinhuanet.com, “Transcript of an interview with Shi Bingyi: A discussion over organ transplantation in detail,” http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-09/11/content_12035251_2.htm

[74] Huang Jiefu, Mao Yilei, and J. Michael Millis, “Government Policy and Organ Transplantation in China,” The Lancet, http://download.thelancet.com/flatcontentassets/series/china/comment11.pdf

[75] Wang Xuan, “Where do organs come from?” Caijing magazine, http://www.transplantation.org.cn/zyienizhonghe/2009-09/3905.htm

[76] Life Week magazine, “The difficulty of organ transplant regulation,” http://www.lifeweek.com.cn/2006-04-17/0005314976.shtml

[77] Huang Jiefu, Mao Yilei, and J. Michael Millis, “Government Policy and Organ Transplantation in China,” The Lancet, http://download.thelancet.com/flatcontentassets/series/china/comment11.pdf

[78] Dr. Lilyanna Trpeski, “Report on CORR Performance and Recent Trends in Donor, Transplant and Waiting Statistics in Canada-Preliminary Results,” http://www.cihi.ca/cihiweb/en/downloads/Clinical%20CAT 224a1cresentation_donors_2008_fial.ppt

[79] U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/rptData.asp

Les pratiquants de Falun Gong systématiquement assassinés pour leurs organes : réfuter l’explication des ‘’condamnés à mort’’ du régime chinois- Appendices

Falun Gong-Praktizierende wegen ihrer Organe systematisch ermordet: Widerlegung der Darlegung des chinesischen Regimes, dass es sich dabei um zum Tode Verurteilte handelt

“死刑犯”撑不起中国器官移植市场上的蘑菇云

http://en.minghui.org/html/articles/2010/6/8/117715.html

Falun Gong Practitioners Systematically Murdered for Their Organs: Refuting the Chinese Regime’s “Death Row” Explanation, Chapter XIII

by Ouyang Fei, Sun Sixian, Lin Zhanxiang

(Clearwisdom.net) In 2006, The Epoch Times newspaper broke a stunning story about what is undoubtedly one of the most horrible atrocities to be committed by any government, not only in modern times, but in all of recorded history. As documented in the investigative report, “Bloody Harvest,” by noted human rights lawyer David Matas and former Canadian Secretary of State for the Asia-Pacific region David Kilgour, there is overwhelming evidence of the Chinese Communist regime’s chilling role in systematically murdering Falun Gong practitioners, harvesting their organs while they are alive, and making huge profits from doing so. In response to the international outcry, the Chinese regime has attempted to explain away one of the main pieces of circumstantial evidence–the meteoric rise in the number of organ transplantations in recent years and the extremely short wait times in a culture notoriously averse to organ donation–by stating that it has harvested organs from executed criminals after their deaths. Faced with undeniable evidence, it has attempted to escape culpability for a monstrous atrocity by admitting to a lesser crime. In this report, we will show evidence that directly contradicts this claim and lends further credence to the serious charges leveled against the Chinese regime.

XIII. What you can do?

“My God! I can’t believe this is true!” This might have been your reaction when you first heard about live organ harvesting.

You are not alone. Sixty years ago, Felix Frankfurter, Supreme Court Justice, said something similar when he learned about the Nazi killing of Jews.

1. An excerpt from Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust

Today we all know the unquestionable veracity of the Holocaust, the systematic killing of Jews in concentration camps by the Nazis. We tend to assume that when it was happening, the existence of the Nazi death camps was a well-known fact. People may wonder: how come everyone knows about the Holocaust, while few people know the inside story of live organ harvesting in China? Some have used the different reactions of the outside world as a reason to refute the organ harvesting allegations.

As a matter of fact, when the Nazis were killing Jews, the outside world did not know about it at all, except for very few who were desperate to get the word out. Sometimes the descriptions were sketchy and conflicting. It was as hard then as it is today to get the facts out regarding the CCP’s taking organs from living Falun Gong practitioners.

Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust gives a compelling story of extraordinary courage. Jan Karski, a Polish diplomatic courier, escaped a Soviet prison and endured Nazi torture. Karski snuck into the Warsaw ghetto and into a Nazi death camp so that he could witness the mass murder first hand. In 1942-43, Jan Karski reported on the extermination of Jews to British and American leaders. At the arrangement of Jan Ciechanowski, Polish Ambassador to the United States, Karski met Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, at his first dinner upon arriving in Washington D.C. The following conversation took place after this dinner.

The Supreme Court justice sat opposite Karski, looking into his eyes.

“Mr. Karski,” Frankfurter asked, “do you know that I am a Jew?”

Karski nodded.

“There are so many conflicting reports about what is happening to the Jews in your country,” Frankfurter said. “Please tell me exactly what you have seen.”

Jan spent half an hour patiently explaining how his missions to the Ghetto and the camp had come about and precisely, in gruesome detail, what he had witnessed. When Karski finished, he waited for the visitor to make the next move.

Frankfurter silently got up from his chair. For a few moments, he paced back and forth in front of Karski and the ambassador, who looked on in puzzlement. Then, just as quietly, he took his seat again.

“Mr. Karski,” Frankfurter said after a further pause, “a man like me talking to a man like you must be totally frank. So I must say: I am unable to believe you.”

Ciechanowski flew from his seat. “Felix, you don’t mean it!” he cried. “How can you call him a liar to his face! The authority of my government is behind him. You know who he is!”

Frankfurter replied, in a soft voice filled with resignation, “Mr. Ambassador, I did not say this young man is lying. I said I am unable to believe him. There is a difference.” [67]

Over 60 years later, this account is as pertinent as it was then. When you exclaim “My God! I can’t believe this is true!” upon hearing accounts of live organ harvesting, you may make an additional comment, as Justice Frankfurter did, “I did not say [he] is lying. I said I am unable to believe him.”

2. Even a single case of live organ harvesting amounts to a monumental crime

The CCP has consistently stonewalled outside investigations. It has guarded information related to death row inmates as state secrets. Efforts to analyze organ sources from death row inmates and living Falun Gong practitioners face a tremendous challenge. However, based on some public data and observations, the limitation of organs from death row inmates and the features of China’s organ market, especially with witness accounts from those with inside information, extensive telephone investigation, and testimony by organ mediation agents have all led us to believe that the drastic growth of China’s organ market from 2003 to 2006 has everything to do with organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners.

Zhang Zhixin, a courageous young woman, was killed during the Cultural Revolution for questioning the CCP policy and its ultimate leader Mao Zedong. What shocked the entire nation was that before her execution, CCP officials cut Zhang’s throat to prevent her from shouting out anything inconvenient to the regime. Later on, many thought that the Cultural Revolution was a thing of the past. However, in 1999, the overwhelming slander and persecution against Falun Gong revived what was going on during the Cultural Revolution. Zhang’s reputation was restored, but the mechanism that killed her has not been dismantled in China. If the organ harvesting allegations are true, it represents, to quote Kilgour and Matas, “a disgusting form of evil which, despite all the depravities humanity has seen, are new to this planet.”

A single occurrence of such an atrocity, not to mention its appearance on such a systematic scale, amounts to a monumental crime. These are the most blatant reflections on the authoritarian regime’s utter disregard for life.

3. So-called “economic miracles” are no excuse for persecution

When discussing the CCP’s human rights abuses, some people have cited China’s economic growth as an excuse. Economic development cannot serve as an excuse or cover-up of the CCP’s suppression of the Chinese people. It took Adolf Hitler less than three years to accomplish Germany’s so-called “economic miracle”. Hitler successfully reduced the unemployment rate to nearly zero from over 30%, which raised Germany’s international status and made it a European power again in short order. However, the killing of Jews in concentration camps has defined Hitler’s era. No one ever praises Hitler for economic growth during his rule.

China’s growth in these years is much more fragile than that of Germany in the 1930’s. It has been achieved at the cost of environmental devastation, resource depletion, and moral collapse, a price that will be paid for generations to come. What it all boils down to is a society’s morality. If we do not raise our voices to stop such atrocities of live organ harvesting, China will have no future as a state or as a nation.

Many have been driven by economic interests and turned a blind eye to the CCP’s brutal suppression of its citizens. However, more and more people are speaking out against such crimes. In his April 2006 letter to President George W. Bush, Dana Rohrabacher, ranking member of the International Organizations, Human Rights and Oversight Subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, wrote, “The kind of moral complicity required for the non-consensual removal and sale of human organs is certainly unique. We as legislators, as statesmen and Americans, must not also become complicit in these crimes by keeping silent. History cares not whether we inked another trade deal or helped sell another Boeing 747, but history will judge us if we choose to look the other way when faced with truly indescribable human suffering on this scale.”

4. What can you do?

We have seen that the CCP has responded to organ harvesting charges by regulating China’s organ market to fool the outside world, while strictly preventing independent outside investigations from being conducted in China. This blatant rejection of outside investigations is an indication that the CCP is involved in a cover-up. The CCP is also hoping that others will forget the drastic growth of China’s organ market from 2003 to 2006 against the backdrop of the all-out campaign to suppress Falun Gong.

Czech writer Milan Kundera once described the struggle against Communism as “the struggle of memory against forgetting.” What the CCP wants is for people to “forget.” What the people of China are struggling for is to “remember.”

The CCP of the past cut Zhang Zhixin’s throat with impunity, just as the CCP of today can harvest organs from living Falun Gong practitioners. As long as the CCP, which is the source of decades of China’s misery, continues to exist, tomorrow’s victim could be anyone.

Everyone can do his or her part, in gathering evidence, demanding that the CCP allow independent, outside investigations to be conducted, exposing the truth about this episode in history, and putting an end to the persecution of Falun Gong, the persecution of Truthfulness-Benevolence-Forbearance.

If you are a doctor who has participated in harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners, we hope you will not be blinded by immediate interests. Your involvement in live organ harvesting was brought about by the CCP. Without the overwhelming slanderous campaign and the policy of “beating [Falun Gong practitioners] to death will be counted as suicide,” the environment for live organ harvesting would not have existed. What has happened has happened. Keeping your lips sealed and guarding the CCP’s secrets cannot alleviate the gravity of these crimes or your remorse. By bringing out the truth, you can live up to your conscience, and reduce or even offset the crimes that were committed knowingly or unwittingly. It is the only way out.

References

[67] E. Thomas Wood and Stanislaw M. Jankowski, Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust, Wiley and Sons, 1996